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Canberra Today 3°/7° | Monday, May 20, 2024 | Digital Edition | Crossword & Sudoku

Jurors face a future fearful of a ‘Rattenbury’

For jurors, the solution was to criminalise widespread addictive behaviour.

“The solution to tempering the extra-curricular curiosity of jurors was to criminalise widespread addictive behaviour. The crime of a ‘Rattenbury’ was born, treating thinking jurors as criminals.” HUGH SELBY says the move is “farcical, doomed – quite rightly – to ridicule and contempt”.

In the public gallery in a trial court in our Supreme Court there are no empty seats. In each one is a local who has been summonsed for jury service.

Hugh Selby.

A note in a tin is being passed around the court staff: “Write down the number you reckon will use the ‘Rattenbury’ on a scrap of paper with your name. Put the note and $5 in the tin. Person who gets nearest takes the pot. No entry after the judge calls for excuses.”

The trial judge explains the nature of the case, that there will be evidence of injury, and the several stages in the jury selection process. 

One of the first instructions is that those who believe they should not serve on a jury are invited to come forward to the judge and quietly give their reason. If accepted they will be excused. If not, they stay in the lottery box to be called to serve.

A middle-aged person comes forward and tells of their carer duties. They are excused. The court staff person sitting below the judge shakes their head: not a ‘Rattenbury’.

Others come forward, giving reasons such as running a small business alone, non-refundable travel booked months before the jury summons arrived, panic reactions to hearing about and/or seeing pictures of violence and its effects. They are excused. More shakes of the head.

Then a group stand up. They look different from those who have gone before. A few of them even seem to be faintly grinning. Some of them have phone wallets. Others are obviously carrying a laptop in their shoulder bag or backpack. 

One by one they come forward: “I don’t want to commit a crime but I am addicted to the internet, to news feeds and Googling for information about what I do each day. Please excuse me or I’ll end up with a criminal record.”

The first few of them speak quietly. They are excused. Nods of the head follow. The success emboldens others. They give their excuse confidently and easily heard by their colleagues still sitting in the gallery.

The nods accelerate. At the last trial, the winner guessed that eight people would use this ploy. Today it’s much more, more like 18 “Rattenburries”. Is this a trial court version of TV Hard Quiz Tom’s final round tie-breaker?

The judge’s demeanour does not change. At home they have teenage and just adult children. Part of the school fees expense was and is to ensure that open slather electronic devices are not allowed in the classroom. 

But family meals are punctuated by one or more of these offspring reaching for a device to Google the answer, to find out more about some curly question that arises over a forkful of food, and then announce what they have found to everyone around the table.

Sometimes there are opposing views, gleaned from different websites. Then the inevitable follows as the “opponents” or a gleeful sibling turns and says: “You be the judge, that’s your job”.

What is troubling is that the numbers available for the jury are going down fast. If both sides make their maximum number of allowed objections, will there be 14 in the jury box? 

This is a complex matter with multiple charges. The trial will likely run some weeks. There need to be 14 jurors to allow for a couple to depart before the end of the trial when 12 jurors must start to work together to reach a verdict on each charge.

How to respond to the problem? It couldn’t be ignored

Talk about the law being an ass. There was a highly publicised trial which ended when it was found that a juror had looked up info out of court hours and – what an idiot – brought the paperwork into the jury room. This was after the trial judge had nicely, but clearly told the jury more than 20 times that they were not, repeat not, to look at any materials outside of what was put before them in that courtroom.

As evidence that warnings don’t and won’t work this was as good as it could get.

The policy issue was how to respond to the problem. It couldn’t be ignored. The problem could have been seen for what it was – an everyday fact of life. A suitable response would be to say: “For those of you who can, keep your eyes and ears away from anything not said or shown to you in this courtroom. For those addicted to social media and search engines we will talk about what you’ve become aware of each morning.”

The expectation would be that as the days went by the need to go elsewhere would be easier to control and the morning discussions shorter. That’s analogous to working in a chocolate factory and being told: “Eat as much as you like”. Craving gives way to abstinence.

But no, the solution was to criminalise widespread addictive behaviour. The crime of a “Rattenbury” was born, treating thinking jurors as criminals. Farcical, doomed – quite rightly – to ridicule and contempt.

The judge’s associate took home the money and the tin.

Jurors face prosecution for own research

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Hugh Selby

Hugh Selby

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2 Responses to Jurors face a future fearful of a ‘Rattenbury’

cbrapsycho says: 12 April 2024 at 9:23 pm

Jurors who want to ensure they make the right decision are by nature conscientious and conscientious people always go above and beyond to get things right. That logically involves doing their research to help clarify anything that might be relevant to understanding some confusing evidence that has been presented.

What alternative could be provided, to ensure jurors are not influenced by information that is irrelevant, unscientific or just plain wrong? Clearly, the concerns of jurors need to be addressed in some way so that they fill they’re doing the best job they can. After all, these people are taking their role seriously, as they need to live with the decision they make and the consequences that follow from that.

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notajurorthanks says: 15 April 2024 at 11:00 pm

Why is it that the guilt or innocence still being determined by 12 so called peers.
Today’s cases are way more complex than those 50 or 150 years ago.
How much does the average person understand about accounting fraud when they struggle to do their own tax return? How many people reading this could describe how crypto currency works? Understand a copy-write case for IT software? How many jurors go into court with biases or discriminatory opinions?
Might it be time to change the system and have a new job class called Juror? A University or Tafe course to train Jurors who would be willing to participate in trials having been trained to understand how to interpret evidence and be impartial rather than the current system having a bunch unwilling participants who mindlessly rely on which expert gives the best showing, perhaps what they were wearing or whether they smiled and looked honest.
Interpreting expert witnesses requires a level of understanding of the subject, if the more intelligent potential jurors excuse themselves then all you are left with are the dross. God forbid any of these Jurors try and educate themselves about the complex nature of the case, our legal system demands that they remain ignorant and the determination of guilt or innocence distilled from the arguments of lawyers (made as simple as possible, preferably monosyllabic for the juror audience)

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